Stoking the engine room, it’s easy to underestimate the importance of the best mountain bike cranks – and the better they are, the easier they are to forget

The best mountain bike cranks almost exclusively use single front chainrings directly mounted to the drive-side arm. This negates the need for a clumsy and heavier front derailleur, cable and shifter, and with drivetrain advances stabilising the chain and increasing gearing range at the cassette, the benefits of this development are extensive.

Crank materials range from traditional aluminium to lighter weight and more expensive carbon fibre and, in the case of one product here (with an eye-watering £1,000 price tag), also welded titanium.

It’s possible to spend well under a 100 quid on a decent set of cranks, right up to the aforementioned grand for Cane Creek’s, blinging eeWing numbers. In crude terms, the more you spend, the more weight you save, but beyond this there should be more sophisticated benefits such as extra durability and stiffness with pricier products.

If the price of cranks is making you think about replacing your whole drivetrain (we feel your pain), then check out our guide to the best mountain bike groupsets.

The two main crank players are Shimano and SRAM; bolstered by the fact these brands offer complete drivetrain packages that put their products on many bikes as original equipment. Race Face cranks also get plenty of OEM action, and E*Thirteen, Hope and Cane Creek feature on some complete builds too, but these brands really concentrate on aftermarket upgrades, where their shiny products add extra bling factor.

Cranks should be a fit and forget product, so any issues with loosening, creaking or material failures are unacceptable in a market this mature. So, let’s dig in to what options are out there for your cash, and what are the pros and cons of the various systems and materials.

Best mountain bike cranks

In price order, here are our favourite mountain bike cranks.

How we tested these cranks

Installing test cranks on the same bike allowed a direct comparison between each model regarding ease of installation, as well as stiffness and drivetrain smoothness. Cranks were then removed and handed out to various hard-riding friends to clock up winter miles in grit and grime. And, between us, we hit up a broad range of terrain including some serious jumps and long descents. Final comparison was backed up by continual use and wider experience of many of the cranks here from test bikes evaluated through the year.

‘View Deal’ links

You will notice that beneath each product summary is a ‘View Deal’ link. If you click on one of these links then mbr may receive a small amount of money from the retailer should you go to purchase the product from them. Don’t worry, this does not affect the amount you pay.


SHIMANO SLX M7100 crank

Shimano SLX M7100

Shimano SLX M7100

Winner!

Price: £99.99 (arms only) | Weight: 520g | Lengths: 165, 170, 175mm

The SLX cranks feel rock-solid, are proven bombproof and simply work. There’s no noticeable flex or loss of power, and the whole system plugs on without drama, to the point you simply don’t have to think about it. Shimano BBs are at least as durable as any others and come without a heavy price tag.

Read our full test review of the Shimano SLX M7100 crank


SRAM GX Eagle DUB Alloy

SRAM GX Eagle DUB Alloy

SRAM GX Eagle DUB Alloy

Runner-up

Price: £134.00 (inc. chainring) | Weight: 558g (no ring) | Lengths: 165, 170, 175mm

SRAM’s cranks have become noticeably stiffer since the jump in axle size from 24mm to thicker alloy DUB spindles, and this extra solidity is presumably one of the reasons it no longer offers a pricier hollow-forged top-tier alloy crank option. So, instead of a tubular design, GX Eagle uses a forged alloy shaping that’s wider and flatter than most rivals, with reinforced webbing on the backside of the crank.

Read our full test review of the SRAM GX Eagle DUB Alloy crank


Shimano XT M8100 crank

Shimano XT M8100

Shimano XT M8100

Not meaningfully superior to SLX but folk like to have XT

Price: £99.99 arms only | Weight: 525g | Lengths: 165, 170, 175, 180mm

What can you say about the Shimano XT M8100 crank? They are a super-tough, proven product that’s been improved over generations, and have now caught up to the fact that nearly all modern bikes and riders prefer 1x drivetrains. Shimano’s latest chainrings are up to the job too, although still not as smooth as SRAM’s and also require a special tool (TL-FC41) for swapping chainrings, which is an extra potential headache. Value is good here, but with SLX costing even less with no difference in performance that we can detect, we’d choose Shimano’s cheaper product here and save our pennies.

Read our full test review of the Shimano XT M8100 crank


SRAM X01 Eagle DUB carbon

SRAM X01 Eagle DUB Carbon

SRAM X01 Eagle DUB Carbon

Lighter and stiffer and totally bombproof

Price: £480.00 | Weight: 481g (inc. ring) | Lengths: 165, 170, 175mm

For more stiffness and weight saving, SRAM’s new aluminium axle is a hair under 29mm, a big leap up from the older (steel) 24mm one and closer to an oversized 30mm spindle. The new axle’s extra mm of space (over 30mm designs) sounds minimal, but it allowed engineers to better seal the BB against contamination and ensure lifespan is at least as good as the older GXP with its bigger balls. The latest chainsets are compatible with all current frame sizes with the correct BB too.

Read our full test review of the SRAM X01 Eagle DUB Carbon


Cane Creek eeWings

Cane Creek eeWings

Cane Creek eeWings

Superior impact resistance, stiffness, durability and… just look at them

Price: £999 (arms only) | Weight: 404g | Lengths: 170, 175mm

Cane Creek eeWings not only look beautiful, they feel ultra-firm and efficient under power, plus the manufacturing quality and finish is first class. Add to that the super-durable and ding-resistant titanium construction and it makes for a great product. Even so, loads of riders likely wouldn’t tell much difference from a top alloy crank so the runner-up rating here is a reflection of the sky-high price tag.

Read our full test review of the Cane Creek eeWings


E*THIRTEEN XCX RACE

E*Thirteen XCX Race

E*Thirteen XCX Race

The lightest carbon crank on the market?

Price: £365 (arms only) | Weight: 346g | Lengths: 170, 172.5, 175mm

The E*Thirteen XCX Race crank is a niche product that delivers on its key objective. We wouldn’t recommend it for bikes with much more than 120/130mm travel, and heavier riders will notice some softness. The weight saving-to-stiffness ratio is reminiscent of carbon cranks from 10 years ago, but this might be just what some riders are looking for. While £365 isn’t cheap, for the lightest carbon crank on the market, it isn’t overly expensive either.

Read our full test review of the E*Thirteen XCX Race crank


Hope Evo

Hope Evo

Hope Evo

Hope’s second-generation mountain bike crank

Price: £235 (arms only) | Weight: 562g | Lengths: 165, 170, 175mm

Hope’s latest cranks are around 40g lighter than before, plenty stiff enough and the fitment is now a doddle. Being British- made makes the price more than double that of quality alloy rivals from big OE rivals, but finish and function is excellent, and you can’t get this rainbow of bling colours anywhere else in the industry – if that’s what you’re after.

Read our full test review of the Hope Evo crank


RACE FACE NEXT R

Race Face Next R

Race Face Next R

Plenty stiff enough, impressively low weight, not overly expensive

Price: £399.99 (arms only) | Weight: 409g | Lengths: 170, 175mm

Race Face Next R crank is arguably the stiffest carbon crank tested. There’s a marginally more positive and direct surge to power delivery than X01, although SRAM’s chainring is smoother to pedal. The Next Rs also come over a touch snappier when you’re really stomping down sprinting or leaning the bike hard through deep berms and trail kinks. It’s a sense of solidity that translates to a more responsive and tighter feel when riding.

Read our full test review of Race Face Next R crank


Understanding the best mountain bike cranks

SRAM X-Sync rings are the best in the biz

SRAM X-Sync rings are the best in the biz

Leverage and crank length

Crank length sees shorter arms spinning tighter circles and longer ones increasing leverage for a more up/down energy transfer. Multiple studies argue shorter arms and a smoother cadence can actually increase ultimate power, and it’s telling BMX racers and track cyclists – who sprint hardest – now commonly use 165mm for maximum speed. We’re sold on the smoother power transfer of shorter cranks for increased climbing traction too.

Chainrings

All cranks here use single chainrings, which is our go-to set up here at mbr. The lone chainring allows ditching the front mech and associated weight, expense and faff. Modern chainrings use an alternating thick/thin tooth profile to improve chain retention by meshing with chain links. SRAM arguably has the most sophisticated and effective tooth profiles on its X-Sync II rings.

A bottom bracket, yesterday

A bottom bracket, yesterday

Bottom bracket

Most cranks use either a 24mm or 30mm diameter axle. They don’t usually come with a bottom bracket, so you can mix and match brands. SRAM’s latest DUB BB uses a unique axle diameter just under 29mm and requires an own brand unit or an adaptor to use with third parties. A larger axle is generally stiffer, but leaves less room for bigger bearings and seals.

Backside of a crank arm

Backside of a crank arm

Construction

The cranks here are made from three materials – aluminium, carbon and titanium, with ascending prices in order listed. The best alloy cranks are forged to align the grain structure of the aluminium, rather than machined, with some brands also using sophisticated forged hollow arms to save weight. Axle diameters vary from 24mm to 30mm, with various pros and cons to each.

Crank boots

Crank boots

Crank boots

Carbon is more brittle and easier to damage or crack than aluminium, so plastic protective boots to shield crank tips against strikes are a wise investment. They do, however, add extra grams back in, which reduces any potential weight savings. Also, crank boots can make it difficult to fit pedals with a stubby axle, as some won’t tighten fully without extra spacers.

Ground clearance

The three main crank lengths are 165, 170 and 175mm. Traditional logic dictated longer cranks mated better with longer legs, so larger bike sizes often used 175mm. These days, clearance is king, and 170mm is popular to increase the gap between the ground and crank tips at the bottom of the pedal revolution to reduce strikes on rough trails.

Bolts can creak if not maintained

Bolts can creak if not maintained

Stiffness

Ultimate stiffness should improve power delivery and reduce flex to increase responsiveness driving the bike with feet through turns ands features. Too much stiffness isn’t really an issue on full-suspension bikes, but a rock-solid crank on a hardtail might noticeably increase feedback ands abuse on feet on rough terrain.